Reasons of Miscarriage & Symptoms

                        Reasons of Miscarriage & Symptoms

Miscarriage is a term used for a pregnancy that ends on its own, before 20 weeks of gestation. It also known as spontaneous abortion

Most miscarriages occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy. It occurs 10%-50% of pregnancies.


Why Do Miscarriages Occur?

During the first trimester, the most common cause of miscarriage is chromosomal abnormality – meaning that something is not correct with the baby’s chromosomes. Most chromosomal abnormalities are the cause of a damaged egg or sperm cell or are due to a problem at the time that the zygote went through the division process.

What Are The Chances Of Having A Miscarriage?

Woman who are in childbearing years, having the change of a miscarriage can range from 10-25%, about a 15-20%chance in most healthy woman.

  • An increase in maternal age affects the chances of miscarriage
  • Women under the age of 35 yrs old have about a 15% chance of miscarriage
  • 35-45 yrs old women have a chance of miscarriage from 20%-35%
  • Women over the age of 45 can have up to a 50% chance of miscarriage
  • A woman who has had a previous miscarriage has a 25% chance of having another (only a slightly elevated risk than for someone who has not had a previous miscarriage)
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Miscarriage Warning Signs

  • Mild to severe back pain (often worse than normal menstrual cramps)
  • Weight loss
  • White-pink mucus
  • True contractions (very painful happening every 5-20 minutes)
  • Flesh like mass with clot like product passing from the vagina
  • Sudden decrease in signs of pregnancy

Similar conditions of Miscarriage

  • Etopic pregnancy
  • Implantation bleeding

Miscarriage Types:

  • Threatened Miscarriage: Some stage of early pregnancy uterine bleeding occur by cramping or lower backache. The cervix remains closed. As a result of bleeding are seen in implantation.
  • Inevitable or Incomplete Miscarriage: Pain in Abdominal or back pain with bleeding with an open cervix. Miscarriage is sure to happen when there is a dilation or effacement of cervix and/or there is rupture of the membranes. If the miscarriage is not complete then Bleeding and cramps may persist.


  • Complete Miscarriage: A completed miscarriage occur when the embryo or products  discharge of the uterus. Bleeding should subside quickly, with any pain or cramping. An ultrasound or having a surgical curettage (D&C)  you can conform your complete miscarriage,
  • Missed Miscarriage: Women can experience a miscarriage without knowing it. In this condition fetus died in uterus and showing no sign and symptoms until the hormones withdraw. It is unknown why this occurs. And it conformed by ultrasound.
  • Recurrent Miscarriage (RM): Three or more consecutive pregnancy losses in first trimester known as recurrent or habitual miscarriage. This can affect 1% of couples trying to conceive.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: When a fertilized egg implants in places other than the uterus, most commonly the fallopian tube. Take medication to stop the development of the implanted egg immediately. It will be create serious complication if not start treatment immediately.
  • Molar Pregnancy: For the genetic error during the fertilization process that leads to the growth of abnormal tissue within the uterus. The most common symptoms of pregnancy including a missed period, positive pregnancy test and severe nausea.

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Treatments of miscarriage:

  • D&C
  • Drugs such as misoprostol
  • Vacuum aspiration
  • Emotional support.

Miscarriage Prevention

The cause of most miscarriages is due to chromosomal abnormalities. But sometimes it also occur due to proper care anr proper environment. So, you have to care yourself ,also can do-

  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthy
  • Manage stress
  • Keep weight within healthy limits
  • Take folic acid daily
  • Do not smoke

To give a healthy environment for your baby to grow in:

  • Keep your abdomen safe
  • Do not smoke or be around smoke
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Check with your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medications
  • Limit or eliminate caffeine
  • Away from environmental hazards such as radiation, infectious disease, and x-rays
  • Away from contact sports or activities that have risk of injury.


By Harley Street Gynaecology, Private Gynaecologist Harley Street London




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